Understanding Stem Cell Therapy Better
Stem cells and stem cell therapy are gaining a lot of popularity in the news today. For the most part, there are a lot of controversies surrounding this particular therapy. If you want to discover more about this therapy, here are some stem cell therapy facts worth noting. When it comes to stem cell therapy, for instance, there are various approaches to it. For the best results from this procedure, always choose the simple and legal ones.
To begin to understand stem cell therapy, you have to know that there are embryonic and adult stem cells. Stem cells are essentially undifferentiated cells that can renew themselves and develop into different kinds of tissues. As the name implies, you get embryonic stem cells from early stage embryos. When it comes to this kind of cell, it is capable of differentiating into varying types of adult cells. If these stem cells are under a microscope, they behave consistently. You can’t predict their behavior, though, the moment they get injected into the body. Even with such controversies, they offer benefits to research. Unfortunately, you can’t use them for actual treatments.
You can find adult stem cells, on the other hand, in post-fetal animals. The most common examples of these stem cells are hematopoietic stem cells that turn into white or red blood cells. There are also mesenchymal cells that transform into varying tissues like ligaments, tendons, bones, cartilages, liver, nerves, and heart. You can get adult stem cells from the bone marrow, muscles, brain tissue, and fat. Among these tissues, fat contains the most number of mesenchymal cells. The umbilical blood or bone marrow, on the other hand, is the best source of stem cells that develop into white or red blood cells.
When it comes to stem cells, you may classify them as allogenic, autologous, or xenogenic. Autologous stem cells come from the same animal. These stem cells are often used for transplants because they will not be rejected. Allogenic stem cells, on the other hand, come from a donor under the same species. Xenogenic stem cells lastly come from a donor belonging in another species.
Stem cells used in stem cell therapy don’t only have the capacity to develop into different tissues that the body needs. At the same time, they are also known for their healing advantage. Stem cells are essential for healing because of their ability to produce over thirty kinds of tissue chemicals and growth factors. These cells are capable of recruiting other systemic and local stem cells for the repair of damaged tissues. These cells also have a role to play in immune modulation. They can either suppress or promote T-cell function.
Many stem cell therapy studies are done in horses. In horses, the use of stem cell therapy helps in the repair of any injuries in the ligaments of the animal. For more stem cell therapy benefits, click here for more info.